Texas won its independence from Mexico at the Battle of San Jacinto on 21 April 1836. It wasn’t official, though, until 14 May 1836. That’s the day that two treaties were signed in Velasco by ad interim president of the Texas Republic David G. Burnet and Gen. Antonio López de Santa Anna. One was published immediately, but the other was a “secret” treaty.
In the first “public” treaty Texas and Mexico agreed (on paper, anyway) that:
- Hostilities would cease
- Santa Anna would never again take up arms against Texas
- Mexican forces would withdraw beyond the Rio Grande
- Mexico would restore any property it had confiscated
- Prisoners would be exchanged on an equal basis
- Santa Anna (captured as he tried to run away from the Battle of San Jacinto) would be returned to Mexico as soon as possible, and
- The Texas army would not approach the retreating Mexican army any closer than 5 leagues.
In the secret version of the treaty…
- the Texas government promised to free Santa Anna immediately IF he would use his influence to get Mexico’s government to acknowledge Texas as an independent republic
- Santa Anna promised not to take up arms against Texas
- Santa Anna promised to give orders for Mexican troops to leave from Texas
- Santa Anna promised to have his Mexican cabinet receive Texas emissaries favorably
- Santa Anna promised to work for a commerce (trade) treaty, and
- Texas promised that the Texas boundary would not lie south of the Rio Grande.
What good either treaty did, though, is debatable since both sides violated the terms soon after they were signed.