Sam Houston's Texas Army has on the move for almost two weeks, but their progress has been slow due to heavy rains that had swollen each creek that must be crossed and reduced the roads to mud. (Remember 1836 was an unusually cold year!) On March 27 they will arrive at San Felipe de Austin--the colony granted to Moses Austin and set up by his son, Stephen F. Austin. Until very
Colonel James Fannin was a man with great potential . . . and an Achilles heel. Raised on a plantation near Marion, Georgia, he entered the United States Military Academy at West Point when he was just 15 years old . . . but he withdrew after only two years. In 1834 he brought his wife and daughters to Velasco, Texas where he settled as a plantation owner . . . but he was actually
As Mexican army marched toward San Antonio to lay siege to the Alamo, many Texans tried to get out of his way. Pioneers began to flee as early as January 14, before Santa Anna's army even crossed the Texas border. After the Alamo fell, though, on March 6 Santa Anna’s army pressed on toward Goliad. Terror spread with the rumor of his ruthless victories. Texas settlers fled toward the
I have been remiss! Allow me to amend the record of Texas Road to Revolution. Because we celebrate March 2 as Texas Independence Day, it's easy to overlook a very important event that happened on March 1, 1836--the arrival of the ONLY responders to Col. William B. Travis' urgent letter of appeal, 32 brave souls from the small town of Gonzales, home of the "Come and Take It" flag and the
While Travis, Crockett, and Bowie were penned up inside the Alamo, other Texas patriots met at Washington-on-the-Brazos to draft and sign Texas' Declaration of Independence. They appointed Sam Houston as General of the Texas Army. When the Alamo fell, Sam Houston was in Gonzales, just to the east, gathering his army. He sent Erastus "Deaf" Smith back toward San Antonio to spy out
March 6th is a somber day for Texans. On this day in 1836 the Mexican president Santa Anna--who had recently tossed out the Constitution, declared himself dictator, and set out with military force to disarm the people of Mexico--attacked his own citizens in the besieged Alamo mission, killing almost everyone inside. It was a horrendous injustice, but the Alamo defenders held out
The Alamo was under siege when delegates gathered at Washington-on-the-Brazos. The colonists had petitioned Mexico for statehood. They had asked for relief from high taxes. They asked for fair treatment under the 1824 Constitution. Santa Anna refused.
Father Miguel Hidalgo’s admirers–or maybe his enemies–nicknamed him “El Zorro” (the fox). Though Hidalgo was not the inspiration for the fictional hero of that name (who supposedly lived in California), the true “Zorro” may be even more legendary.
Sometimes students (and teachers) get the mid-winter blahs. Maybe things got a little crazy after Thanksgiving as you tried to find time for school and holidays. Excited students have trouble focusing. Then after Christmas it can take a while to get back on schedule. A field trip might be just the change of pace you need to rejuvenate your enthusiasm, and Spring is a great time of
History is not just about long-ago events. History is being made every day. I was alive, but not old enough to remember when John Glenn became the first American to orbit the earth. I was 10 when Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed the lunar module Eagle and walked on the moon. The first word from the moon's surface? HOUSTON! ("Houston, the Eagle has landed.") My grandmother was