Houston began with approximately 1200 Texians in his volunteer army, but after the slaughter at the Alamo and the Goliad massacre, approximately 400 deserted him to get their families to safety in the runaway scrape. He might have hoped for a larger force, but this number represents 2%-3% of Texas population of 38,500 in 1836, which is only a little less that the proportion who normally
Most Texans are familiar with the song The Yellow Rose of Texas made popular by Roy Rogers in a 1944 movie of the same name. There is a very good case for believing that Emily West (Morgan) was the storied “Yellow Rose of Texas”, but a fair depiction of that lady is a good example of why I am a stickler for original source documents–first-hand eye-witness accounts of historical
Sometimes we forget that the people we remember as history's heroes were as human as we are. Looking back, we see their choices as wise and heroic, but from their own perspective they were often just scared and trying to stay alive. The early Texians fought Santa Anna because their livelihoods depended on freedom. After the Alamo fell and the Goliad captives were murdered, some headed
At least two heroes of the Texas Revolution had their birthdays in April--Erastus "Deaf" Smith and Jim Bowie.
The new Confederate government insisted that the states had a right to secede and had done so legally. They demanded that all U.S. military troops leave Confederate territory. Fort Sumter, in Charleston, South Carolina, was one of the military installations occupied by United States troops. The Confederates made a formal demand for its surrender. When the demand was refused,
From an official standpoint, the Civil War was "over" on April 9, 1865 ...almost 4 years to the day after it began. General Robert E. Lee, commander of the Confederate forces, surrendered at Appomattox. During the following month, one after another of the various Confederate departments surrendered as well. On May 30, 1865 Texas was formally surrendered. Teaching Tip #1: The
Every Spring, God carpets the state of Texas in blue. But it wasn't until March 7, 1901 that the Texas legislature adopted the bluebonnet as the official State Flower of Texas. What interests me, beyond the flat-out stunning beauty of the little wildflower also known as buffalo clover, is that one woman spearheaded the movement to have the humble Texas lupine exalted to this place of
One concept that's difficult to understand is that no hero is all good . . . and no enemy is all bad. In the Bible, we remember Rahab the Harlot who hid two Hebrew spies and helped them escape from the city. At the Battle of Goliad we encounter Francita Alavez--only that may not be her real name. It could be Francisca or Panchita. People assumed that she was the wife of Mexico's
Here's something to think about: Santa Anna was not always a dictator. The Mexican people duly elected him President of Mexico in 1833. His inauguration day was April 1, 1833--April Fool's Day. The date is ironic, because Santa Anna made many foolish choices. Delegates for the Anglo settlers of Texas met on the same day Santa Anna took power as leader of Mexico. They asked the
Texas first joined the United States as the 28th sovereign state in the Union on December 29, 1845.