We think of 1836 as the year when Texas won its independence from the Mexican dictator, Santa Anna, and it was...but trouble had been brewing for a long time. During the whole process, the Texians really only won two battles, but they were the ones that counted--the first one, and the last one. You likely know that the Battle of San Jacinto was the last one where General Sam Houston's
Texas won its independence from Mexico at the Battle of San Jacinto on 21 April 1836. It wasn’t official, though, until 14 May 1836. That’s the day that two treaties were signed in Velasco by ad interim president of the Texas Republic David G. Burnet and Gen. Antonio López de Santa Anna. One was published immediately, but the other was a “secret” treaty.
There are several interesting footnotes to the Texas Revolution. One concerns the "Twin Sisters."
If I may be blunt, Santa Anna was not only a murderous and immoral loser but a coward as well.
Houston began with approximately 1200 Texians in his volunteer army, but after the slaughter at the Alamo and the Goliad massacre, approximately 400 deserted him to get their families to safety in the runaway scrape. He might have hoped for a larger force, but this number represents 2%-3% of Texas population of 38,500 in 1836, which is only a little less that the proportion who normally
Most Texans are familiar with the song The Yellow Rose of Texas made popular by Roy Rogers in a 1944 movie of the same name. There is a very good case for believing that Emily West (Morgan) was the storied “Yellow Rose of Texas”, but a fair depiction of that lady is a good example of why I am a stickler for original source documents–first-hand eye-witness accounts of historical
Sometimes we forget that the people we remember as history's heroes were as human as we are. Looking back, we see their choices as wise and heroic, but from their own perspective they were often just scared and trying to stay alive. The early Texians fought Santa Anna because their livelihoods depended on freedom. After the Alamo fell and the Goliad captives were murdered, some headed
One concept that's difficult to understand is that no hero is all good . . . and no enemy is all bad. In the Bible, we remember Rahab the Harlot who hid two Hebrew spies and helped them escape from the city. At the Battle of Goliad we encounter Francita Alavez--only that may not be her real name. It could be Francisca or Panchita. People assumed that she was the wife of Mexico's
Here's something to think about: Santa Anna was not always a dictator. The Mexican people duly elected him President of Mexico in 1833. His inauguration day was April 1, 1833--April Fool's Day. The date is ironic, because Santa Anna made many foolish choices. Delegates for the Anglo settlers of Texas met on the same day Santa Anna took power as leader of Mexico. They asked the
Sometimes winning a battle can cost you the war. Have you ever heard that expression? Santa Anna's "victory" at Goliad is a perfect example of how this can happen.